published Friday, August 12th, 2011

Nuclear licensing slow down sought

The Watts Bar Dam site in Spring City, Tenn., taken from across the dam inside the Meigs County line off state Highway 68.
Photo by Kimberly McMillian
The Watts Bar Dam site in Spring City, Tenn., taken from across the dam inside the Meigs County line off state Highway 68. Photo by Kimberly McMillian
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Legal motions filed Thursday by 25 environmental and anti-nuclear groups claim the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission is legally required to slow down the licensing and relicensing of U.S. nuclear reactors after NRC’s own review of the Fukushima disaster and resulting recommendations.

Among the licenses at 18 plants mentioned in the filings are TVA’s Watts Bar Nuclear Plant’s nearly finished Unit 2 in Spring City, Tenn., and the unfinished Bellefonte Nuclear Plant in Athens, Ala.

Watts Bar’s new $2.5 billion reactor is expected to be completed in 2013, and the proposed completion of Bellefonte is on the Tennessee Valley Authority board agenda for Thursday.

  • photo
    Staff Photo by Matt Fields-Johnson The Unit 1 turbines sit idle at the TVA's Bellefonte nuclear power plant in Hollywood, Ala.

Louis Zeller is an attorney with the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, one of the groups filing the motion aimed at Bellefonte. He called the filings administrative legal actions “with all the trappings of lawsuits.”

“The [NRC] task force made some good, sound recommendations in its review of Fukushima,” Zeller said. “But what we’re afraid of is that those recommendations will sit on the shelf [at NRC] and the agency will proceed as if nothing happened. So our job is to make them take these recommendations into account before these plants are licensed.”

The NRC’s Japan task force, made up of six senior NRC officials, reviewed the lessons learned from the meltdowns and radioactive releases at the Fukushima-Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant after a 9.0 earthquake and tsunami.

Their report, issued in mid-July, made 12 recommendations, including changes to “defense-in-depth” measures to prepare for events such as earthquakes, flooding and tornadoes, which can come stacked together. The task force also called for a “logical, systematic and coherent regulatory framework” to replace the U.S. nuclear regulations developed “piece-by-piece over the decades.”

Zeller said NRC and the utilities have 25 days to file legal responses. Then the petitioners have 10 days to reply to those responses.

NRC spokesman Joey Ledford said TVA’s license requests for Watts Bar 2 and Bellefonte “remain under review.”

“The agency will review the groups’ filings and will respond appropriately in each current proceeding,” Ledford said.

TVA spokesman Ray Golden said the NRC task force’s study “is a good start,” but many in the nuclear industry think more deliberative review is needed.

In the meantime, he said, it’s too early to know how the environmental groups’ filings might impact TVA.

“We understand there’s a public participation process,” he said “We have already publicly stated that we have been watching very closely what happens at Fukushima, and we have made some changes.”

TVA formed its own review team to apply “lessons learned” from the Japan nuclear meltdowns.

Sara Barczak is a program director for the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, which filed the motion aimed at Watts Bar’s new reactor. She said it makes sense to implement the lessons learned from Fukushima before the licenses are issued.

“This is not an environmental petition. It’s very safety focused,” she said. “And it just makes sense to do those [recommended] things now, before billions more [dollars] are spent and then there still are problems to fix.”

Jim Warren is with NC Warn, a group challenging the licensing of any AP1000 reactor design, including a new one planned at Georgia Power’s Plant Vogtle near Augusta, Ga. Critics have said the Westinghouse AP1000 reactor design is more susceptible to cracks in its reactor vessel than other reactors.

He said NRC’s five commissioners “are strongly waffling” on the task force recommendations.

“The [nuclear] industry is putting enormous pressure on the NRC because utilities already are spending large amounts of money” on site preparations, pre-licensing construction and new plant designs.

TVA’s board already has approved $248 million for engineering work at the mothballed and cannibalized Bellefonte. The plant, started in 1974, already has cost more than $4 billion and TVA officials have said it could cost another $4 billion to $5 billion to complete.

TVA’s board agenda for next week also contains a item about Sequoyah Nuclear Plant’s relicensing.

“The NRC has already publicly stated ... that U.S. nuclear plants remain safe for continued operation,” Golden said.

NRC’s Ledford said the regulator also has stated that any post-Fukushima regulatory changes adopted will apply to all U.S. reactors, “whether their licenses have been renewed or not.”

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about Pam Sohn...

Pam Sohn has been reporting or editing Chattanooga news for 25 years. A Walden’s Ridge native, she began her journalism career with a 10-year stint at the Anniston (Ala.) Star. She came to the Chattanooga Times Free Press in 1999 after working at the Chattanooga Times for 14 years. She has been a city editor, Sunday editor, wire editor, projects team leader and assistant lifestyle editor. As a reporter, she also has covered the police, ...

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jhv1 said...

Ohhh this is nice, Lou Zeller again, what a kook!! Now he's a lawyer? I havent heard that one. It is plain and simple..These so-called environmental groups only have their agenda in mind. They lie to the general public spreading stories of fear for the good of who the represent. Lets see, the facts of Fukushima, 2 major disasters back to back (Earthquake and Tsunami). This coupled with the fact that Japan, or TEPCO, had not designed the plant with historical records of past tsunami tidal elevations, also, they did not factor in the possibility of their diesel generator safety system could be choked out because the vault housing them was NOT water tight. Thats pretty simple of WHY this happened. Here in America, we design with safety factors in consideration that other countriesdo not consider, even though the plant type may be similar. All being said, when was the last time we had a major earthquake and a tsunami to follow Lou? Fukushima did not happen just because the earthquake. How many tsunamis roll up the Tennessee River Lou? Now these groups want to halt all things, with the unemployment rate as it is, how good is this for our country?

August 12, 2011 at 9:40 a.m.
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