published Monday, December 12th, 2011

Budget cuts threaten Tennessee and Georgia Pell grants

U.S. Sen. Lamar  Alexander, R-Tenn., discusses papers and memorabilia on display in an exhibit about his political career in this file photo.
U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., discusses papers and memorabilia on display in an exhibit about his political career in this file photo.
(AP Photo by Erik Schelzig)

BY THE NUMBERS


Students receiving Pell grants last year in the tri-state area:

• Tennessee: 155,576

• Alabama: 150,284

• Georgia: 275,455

Source: Education Trust

Half a million students across the country and thousands in Tennessee and Georgia could lose their federal Pell grants for college if a proposal in Congress passes during the next few weeks of Washington budget talks.

Many more students in Tennessee and Georgia and beyond could see their awards trimmed, officials said.

Brenda Anderson, a 19-year-old sophomore at UTC, said she doesn't know how she will continue school if she loses some of her Pell grant.

Already, the grant doesn't cover the cost of tuition. She has taken out loans and relied on scholarships to bridge the $2,000 gap each year, along with her living costs.

"My dad recently lost his job," she said. "I have been working since I was 16 to support myself. I am blessed to be in school ... This is do or die. You have to make something of yourself."

With Pell facing a $1.3 billion shortfall and many government programs on the chopping block because of the federal deficit, some lawmakers say they want to protect the country's largest financial aid program for college students, but something has to go.

"Especially in tight budget times, we have to set priorities, and Pell grants to help low-income students pay for college are a priority for me," said U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn. "But the growth of Pell grants by 76 percent over the last decade obviously can't continue at a time when Washington is borrowing 40 cents of every dollar it spends."

Republican Rep. Chuck Fleischmann and Republican U.S. Sen. Bob Corker wouldn't comment about the ideas being discussed. They said they will make up their minds about how much to protect the Pell program when they see all the cuts and spending included in the budget.

Local college officials and national education activists are calling for the House leadership to take Pell cuts off the table, saying more families have less money to put toward college and that increased debt will burden a post-recession generation that is likely to have poorer job prospects.

"Students with a lower income would be the most affected by this," said Jeanne Hinchee, director of financial aid at Chattanooga State Community College. "It will hinder their ability to attain a degree at a time when we are trying to push more people to get a degree."

Almost half of Chattanooga State students -- around 5,589 -- qualify for Pell grants and receive an average grant of $5,000 for an academic year, but Hinchee said she isn't sure how much aid at Chattanooga State could be at risk if a cut is approved as part of a larger budget bill.

At the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, the number of students receiving Pell grants has increased 64 percent since 2007 to include 3,476 students, while enrollment has increased only 20 percent, records show.

The amount paid to UTC students in Pell grants rose 120 percent since 2007, records show.

"This is the perfect storm," said Dianne Cox, director of financial aid at UTC. "We know reality is that probably there are going to be cuts somewhere. I would be on the 'save Pell grant' bandwagon. We don't have a lot of state aid we can offer them."

One of the proposals out of the House Appropriations Committee calls for stiffening financial qualification guidelines, making fewer people qualify and cutting $44 billion in Pell funds over 10 years, according to the Institute for College Access and Success.

Right now, students can earn up to $6,000 while in school and still receive federal grants. Under the new spending bill, that would be scaled back to a $3,000 cap on student earnings, said Kate Tromble, director of legislative affairs at the Education Trust, a D.C.-based think tank.

Families with earned income tax credits or untaxed Social Security or disability benefits also could have to start counting that income, which could knock them out of Pell eligibility. The length of time students could receive Pell would shrink from nine to six years and that change would be retroactive, said Tromble.

"If you are in school today and have a semester left, you are done. You don't get any more aid," she said.

Many of the rollbacks proposed for Pell actually were approved as expansions in the last five years. Later, in 2010, when Congress ended the Federal Family Education Loan Program, lawmakers also passed a measure that would raise the maximum award from $5,550 to $5,975 by 2017 and increase the number of grants by 820,000 by 2020.

Throughout much of Pell grants' nearly 40-year history, all household income, including untaxed income, was considered when deciding eligibility. Many times poorer families who receive Social Security or disability benefits would make just a little too much to get a Pell grant.

"They weren't way over the top [in earnings]. They would be just on the edge," she said. "Some of those that were just on the bubble came into eligibility once [untaxed income wasn't counted toward earnings]."

But more families are in desperate financial situations today, too, said Cox. Many times this year, students have come in and pleaded for grants or increases in their grants because one of their parents had lost their job and their families' income had sunk.

about Joan Garrett McClane...

Joan Garrett McClane has been a staff writer for the Times Free Press since August 2007. Before becoming a general assignment writer for the paper, she wrote about business, higher education and the court systems. She grew up the oldest of five sisters near Birmingham, Ala., and graduated with a master's and bachelor's degrees in journalism from the University of Alabama. Before landing her first full-time job as a reporter at the Times Free Press, ...

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Republicans are too busy slopping their wealthy hog buddies with tax cuts that rob funding from the poor. You can either educate or incarcerate a population....either way a society pays....it's what a society does....serves the greater good for the betterment of the people. Fortunately for us, I believe people are waking up to the game that has been played....

December 12, 2011 at 6:51 a.m.
eeeeeek said...

Is Alexander still a supporter of lynching?

December 12, 2011 at 7:22 a.m.
Facts said...

Lamar, Corker & Zach have spent the last several years spending away on little pet projects. So honorable of them to get off their big-spending horses to address the common people. And the reason that a Weston Wamp candidacy is a joke. His dad creates a mess & Jr now cries about it and tries to get a job by claiming his going to fix it. What a joke we are!

December 12, 2011 at 10:01 a.m.
nowfedup said...

Well now those that get these grants and other "welfare" from the government simply put, lower end and are poor, worse they cannot afford lobbyists to cut their EFFECTIVE tax rates (not even close to the much discussed "tax rates" fables) and other forms of welfare given the well off. Yep let's enlarge the ole southern tradition of the more uneducated to "keep lil wumen's barefoot, no schuling en stuff" to include students, as it seems only the well off "deserve" education's. Besides as proven time and time, statistic upon statistic, the dumbed down much easier to go for hot button issues, not to worried about facts and will of course, work for much less. Yep let's cut that ole education thing as SE is way behind most, as is USA. Become new "Tourist destination center for world" along with high wage jobs in tourism?

December 12, 2011 at 10:29 a.m.
bret said...

Republican Rep. Chuck Fleischmann and Republican U.S. Sen. Bob Corker wouldn't comment about the ideas being discussed.

What a shock. Chuckie declines comment through his spokesman.

December 12, 2011 at 1:03 p.m.
Emersization said...

That will force more students to take out loans. More money for lenders.

December 12, 2011 at 2:14 p.m.
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